The Impact of Health Expenditure on Life Expectancy in Nigeria

HEALTH EXPENDITURE AND LIFE EXPECTANCY IN NIGERIA (1990 to 2022)

Authors

  • Edwin Udochukwu Nwachukwu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State
  • Ogbonna C. G. Department of Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Chukwuma-Ogbonna J.A Department of Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Keywords:

Health Expenditure, Life Expentancy, Public Health

Abstract

The quality of health services in a given country greatly influences the quality of life of its citizens. This study examined the impact of health expenditure on life expectancy in Nigeria from 1990 to 2022 using the fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS) technique and was anchored on the theoretical framework of the Grossman health production function. The variables of the model were: life expectancy as the dependent variable; out-of-pocket health expenditure; external health expenditure; government capital health expenditure; government recurrent health expenditure; carbon emissions; and education as independent variables. The findings revealed that out-of-pocket health expenditure, government recurrent health expenditure, and education had a positive and significant impact on life expectancy; external health expenditure had a positive but insignificant impact on life expectancy; and government capital health expenditure and carbon emissions had a negative and insignificant impact on life expectancy. This study therefore recommended the need for the federal government of Nigeria to focus on increasing the budgetary allocation to the health sector as well as increasing the minimum wage of the citizens, which should encourage increased household health expenditure, which invariably increases life expectancy in Nigeria. More so, the federal government of Nigeria should ensure consistency in the implementation and follow-up of these policies to bring about significant improvements in life expectancy in the long run in Nigeria.

Published

2023-12-05

How to Cite

Nwachukwu, E. U., Ogbonna, C. G., & Chukwuma-Ogbonna, J. (2023). The Impact of Health Expenditure on Life Expectancy in Nigeria: HEALTH EXPENDITURE AND LIFE EXPECTANCY IN NIGERIA (1990 to 2022). Journal of International Economic Relations and Development Economics, 3(3), 309–320. Retrieved from https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/jierade/article/view/231

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Articles