Perspectives from the 1969 Explusion of Nigerian's in Ghana
Keywords:Migration, Development, Pan Africanism, Ghana, Nigeria
Nigeria and Ghana have had a longstanding relationship having experienced a common imperial domination. The two countries were also eminent in African nationalist movements and were core supporters of the ideology of Pan Africanism in the pre and post independent Africa. In spite of this past collective efforts, Nigeria and Ghana relations began to dwindle into antagonism, rift and mutual suspicion, thus undermining and stifling the objectives of the Organisation of African unity and the idea of Pan African movement. The study adopts a narrative research analysis and employed both primary such as archival materials and newspapers; and secondary sources like journal articles, books, institutional project reports, internet publications and academic projects to provide a historical insight of the post African independence challenges. This among other things encouraged massive labour migration among African nations particularly between Nigeria and Ghana, which later resulted into migrants expulsion from Ghana in 1969 that involved mostly Nigerians. The paper applied the Alexander Wendt’s Constructivist theory and Adams Smith theory of Natural Law to explain migrant’s expulsion from Ghana during the period under study and finds that the expulsion of 1969 set a negative example for other struggling African countries and made a caricature of the objectives of the OAU. It however points out that continental unity cannot be obtained in the midst of antagonism and rigour; and as such, African nations should rise above national differences and ethnic challenges to form a formidable economic front with strict and promising leadership for eventual achievement of African’s economic development.
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