International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr <p>International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research (ISJASSR) is an academic journal that encourages scientific research in the fields of Arts and Social Sciences. ISJASSR publishes high quality peer-reviewed articles in all fields of Arts and Social Sciences. The journal places emphasis on originality, importance, interdisciplinary interest, timeliness, accessibility, elegance and surprising conclusions of articles.</p> <p><a href="https://www.theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/callforpapers">Call for Papers</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/apc"><strong>Pay Article Publishing Charge (APC)</strong></a></p> en-US editorialoffice@theinterscholar.org (Journal Admin,) info@theinterscholar.org (Henry Thompson) Sun, 10 Jan 2021 19:15:28 +0100 OJS 3.2.1.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Religious Pluralism in the Bible and the Pastoral Challenges of Credal Walls In Nigeria: An Application of Acts 10:27-28.34 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/106 <p><em>Prior to the advent of what Chinua Achebe calls ‘the white man’s religion’, “igwebuike” was the case. “Ujamaa” was the spirit. There were of course tribal and ethnic issues but not to the level of not seeing each other as brother or sister. In the last Synod of the Archdiocese of Onitsha, the Auxiliary Bishop of Onitsha, Most Rev. D. Isizoh lamented that Africa inherited a divided Christianity. The divide in Christendom is undoubtable as is evidenced in destructive criticisms, attacks, anathemas and new teachings we bring against each other. Beyond Christianity, the story is even worse. The experience often ends in gory stories. It is all about join me or face war. One wonders whether religion is actually what it ought to be. If religion happens to be an agent of division and intolerance, is it necessary for man to still remain religious? Perhaps, the Quran and the Bible share blames in the intolerance because of the ambiguities in their teachings implying incompatibility of different religious beliefs. John 3,17 teaches that Christ is sent for the salvation of the whole world. Yet Acts 4,12 holds that salvation is only in his name. John 14,6 posits Christ as the only way to the Father. Writing to the Ephesians, Paul told them that without Christ they were without hope and without God. At first face therefore, religious pluralism seems at odds with biblical teaching. This paper using exegetical lens captures the possibility of religious pluralism in the bible. The author sees religious intolerance as one of the greatest problems facing Nigeria and the world at large. It follows the thoughts of Fathers of the Vatican II to conclude that biblical teaching about salvation through Christ is not in exclusivity but in inclusivity. It posits tolerance and openness as the solutions to religious intolerance of each other and the consequent gory stories. </em></p> Dominic Obielosi Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/106 Wed, 14 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Impact of Sex Education on Adolescents’ Early Sexual Exposure in Obollo-Afor Education Zone, Enugu State https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/ekenesexeducation <p>The study examined the impact of sex education on adolescents’ early sexual exposure in Obollo-Afor Education Zone, Enugu State. Three research questions were raised and three hypotheses were tested for the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted. Findings revealed that sex education delayed adolescents’ sex debuts, did not reduce the frequency of sexual practices among adolescents, and expose adolescents to the different modes of sex in Enugu State. The researcher concluded that the numerous sexual information available to adolescents from friends and social networking sites prevent them from inculcating the instructional lessons of sex education in secondary schools. &nbsp;It was recommended among others that a comprehensive sexual health education on safer sex practices capable of equipping adolescents with assertive skills in dealing with sexual relationships should be design as a stand-alone subject in secondary school curriculum.</p> Dr. Nnaji Peace Nkemdilim Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/ekenesexeducation Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Internalizing and externalizing factors as predictive impact of covid-19 on private schools in the Dormaa Ahenkro district, Ghana. https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/moro <p>This study explored some internalizing and externalizing factors as predictive impact of covid-19 on private schools in the Dormaa Ahenkro district, Ghana. The study used the descriptive method with seven private schools comprising twenty-eight heads and proprietors. The items in this study were tested using the Cronbach alpha value. The study tested a hypothesis to determine the homogeneity of impact of Covid-19 among the schools. Analysis of the study was done using descriptive and inferential statistics respectively; with the help of SPSS version 25. Analysis revealed that there was an impact of Covid-19 pandemic on private schools in the study area and that the impact was homogeneous among the 14 schools. Analysis further revealed some key outlining factors that greatly impacted the schools. It has been suggested that leadership of the association of private schools along with the school heads and proprietors in their capacities should try and provide the necessary incentives for their teachers and workers in times of crisis. The leadership of the association of private schools should secure government support for their members. The private schools should implement virtual learning in order to send learning to the door steps of their students in their homes. That the school heads and the proprietors periodically should organize workshops for their teachers and workers.</p> Mohammed Moro Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/moro Thu, 01 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Role of District Co-ordination Committee in Nepalese Federalism https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/girdhari <p><em>The main objective of this paper is to explore the </em><em>significance of </em><em>role of District Co-ordination Committee in Nepalese Federalism. The paper seeks to identify and critically analyze the role of district Co-ordination committee. </em><em>This study makes a brief description and analysis of the </em><em>role of District Co-ordination Committee in Nepal</em><em>. It is a descriptive and analytical paper.</em> <em>The present Constitution of Nepal has added two new tiers in ruling structure of the country. They are province and local levels. Province government is completely new in Nepalese history. Local level has been in existence long before now as an administrative unit but this is a new practice as constitutionally recognized unit. In this new restructuring and distribution of power, duties and responsibilities,&nbsp; District Development Committee (DDC) in the previous system is removed, the administrative unit is removed, the role of District Administrative Office is also minimized to maintaining peace, security and acting as a representative of the federal government and in their places there is a new mechanism, created constitutionally - District Co-ordination Committee to undertake coordination between the rural municipalities and Municipalities within the district. DCC also monitors development and construction works to make a balance of such works. District Co-ordination Committee carries out coordination between the Federal and the State Government offices and rural municipalities and Municipalities in the district.</em></p> Associate Prof. Girdhari Dahal, PhD Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/girdhari Sun, 10 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Effect of Cognitive Restructuring Technique on Social and Emotional Adjustment of Divorcees https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/105 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The study investigated the effect of cognitive restructuring technique on social and emotional adjustment of divorcees. The need for the study came as a result of the increasing rate of divorces among couples to which the researchers sought to find solutions. Pre-test-post-test randomized control trial experimental design was adopted by the researchers for the study. 34 divorces who were drawn through proportionate stratified random sampling technique constituted the sample for the study. The divorces were randomly assigned to experimental (19) and (15) groups. Social Adjustment Assessment Scale of Divorcees (SAASD) and Emotional Adjustment Scale of Divorcees (EAASD) were used for data collection. SAASD and EAASD were properly validated by experts in the test development and the internal consistency reliability indices of the items estimated as 0.88 and 0.89 respectively using Cronbach Alpha method. Before the commencement of the testing and treatment package, the researchers assured the participants of confidentiality of interactions and personal information as they work together in self-disclosure. Thereafter, pre-treatment assessment (pre-test) was conducted using the SAASD and EAASD in order to collect baseline data (Time 1). After that, the experimental group was exposed to 90 minutes of the CRT program twice a week for a period of 6 weeks. The treatment took place between September and November 2019. Post-test (Time 2) assessment was conducted 1 week after the last treatment session. Besides, a follow-up assessment was conducted after two months of treatment (Time 3). Data collected were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. The findings of the study revealed that the effect of cognitive restructuring technique on the social and emotional adjustment of divorcees was significant at post-test and follow-up measures. One of the contributions of the findings is that if divorcees are not properly counseled, maladjustment socially and emotionally will continue to increase. Based on the findings, the contribution among others is that Federal Government or relevant education authorities should provide enough family counsellors in the various institutions who will assist in the counselling of the divorcees in the dangers of social and emotional maladjustment using CRT.</p> <p> </p> Dr. Esther E. Enajedu, Dr. Damian C. Ncheke, Dr. Ugwu Festus Amaechina Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/105 Fri, 13 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Extent Educational Managers’ Leadership Styles Contribute to Job Performance of Office Managers in Colleges of Education https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/103 <p>The study was necessitated by the declining job performance of office managers in colleges of education in South-East, Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the extent educational managers’ leadership styles contribute to job performance of office managers in colleges of education in South-East, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of 210 office managers in all public colleges of education in the area. The entire population was used without sample size because the population was manageable. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire with five-point rating scale which contained 20-items in two clusters. The instrument was validated by four experts. A pilot test was used to establish the reliability of the instrument and data collected were analyzed using Cronbach alpha to obtained reliability coefficient values of 0.89 and 0.79 with an overall coefficient value of 0.84. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that democratic leadership styles of educational managers contribute to job performance of the office managers to a great extent while transactional leadership styles contribute to a small extent. Gender did not significantly influence the respondents’ mean ratings on the extent democratic leadership styles of educational managers contribute to their job performance but it significantly influence their mean ratings on the extent transactional leadership style of educational managers contribute to their job performance. Based on the findings, it was concluded that democratic leadership style were adopted by educational managers which contributes positively to the job performance in their colleges of education in South-East, Nigeria. It was therefore recommended among others that educational managers should encourage office managers to work hard and challenge themselves with roles which utilize their full potential, talent and creativity.</p> Prof. Eze, A. N, Obiwulu, Edith Chinyere Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/103 Thu, 01 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Effect of Collaborative Learning Strategy on Students’ Academic Achievement in Chemistry in Onitsha Education Zone, Anambra State https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/okpanachielizabetheleojo <p>This study examined the effect of collaborative learning strategy on students’ academic achievement in Chemistry in Onitsha education zone, Anambra State. Two research questions were raised and three null hypotheses were tested. Quasi-experimental research design, specifically, pretest-posttest nonequivalent groups design was adopted for the study. Findings of the study revealed that collaborative learning strategy has a higher positive effect on students’ academic achievement in Chemistry than the conventional teaching method and the difference was significant. Also, the study disclosed that collaborative learning strategy had more effect on female students’ academic achievement in Chemistry than on male students and the difference was not statistically significant. The study concluded that the open communication and sharing of ideas embedded in collaborative learning strategy enhances students’ academic achievement in Chemistry than the conventional teaching method in secondary schools. The researchers recommended among others that, Chemistry teachers should use collaborative instructional strategy to teach the perceived difficult Chemistry topics in order to improve students’ understanding on the subject in secondary schools.</p> Dr. Achufusi-Aka, Ngozi Nonye, Okpanachi, Elizabeth Eleojo Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/okpanachielizabetheleojo Sun, 16 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100