International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research 2021-07-24T18:51:21+01:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <p>International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research (ISJASSR) is an academic journal that encourages scientific research in the fields of Arts and Social Sciences. ISJASSR publishes high quality peer-reviewed articles in all fields of Arts and Social Sciences. The journal places emphasis on originality, importance, interdisciplinary interest, timeliness, accessibility, elegance and surprising conclusions of articles.</p> <p><a href="">Call for Papers</a></p> <p><a href=""><strong>Pay Article Publishing Charge (APC)</strong></a></p> The Inseparable Union of Religion and Economy: A Critical Analysis 2021-07-24T18:51:21+01:00 Ekenedilichukwu A. Okolo Obioha K. Ugwumadu <p><em>The growth of economy is seen as a fundamental measurement that can be used to assess a country’s productive capacity in terms of goods and services. It is normally predicted using the percent rate of increase in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and is correlated with numerous factors in the society which includes quality of life. Religion as a prominent dimension of culture can be a considerable factor in one’s quality of life. However, it is often overlooked as a potential determinant of economic growth but it has been underscored that it helps in boasting the economic growth of the society. In this work therefore, a cursory effort will be made to divulge some of those roles religion plays in her contribution to a better economy and to examine how religious activities or policies of some religious traditions affect or boast the economy of a given section of the society. Phenomenological approach was adopted in this study and the theory of Religious Economy was used. The paper recommends based on findings that religion should not be seen in isolation as it helps to determine the growth of the economy of every given society.</em></p> 2021-07-24T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research Application of Statistical Tools for Data Analysis: Relationship Technique 2021-05-31T08:04:25+01:00 Paschal Anayochukwu Ugwu Kenny Alubeze Opuware Owulupu Samuel Ambakederemo <p><em>Statistical analysis is divided into descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Whereas descriptive statistics is interested in data description, the interest of inferential statistics is making inferences and extrapolations from data. In application of statistical techniques, one needs to determine the type of relationship that exists. If the data variables can be divided into dependent and independent classification, indicating whether dependence or interdependence techniques should be utilized. Dependent relationship is when variables are divided into dependent and independent variables, where dependent variables depend on independent variables. In interdependence relationship, variables are not divided into dependent and independent, rather they are analyzed simultaneously to establish their underlying relationships. Canonical correlation, Multivariate analysis of variance, Analysis of variance, Multiple discriminant analysis, Multiple regression, Conjoint analysis are all dependent techniques. Factor analysis, Cluster analysis, Correspondence analysis are interdependent techniques. SEM can be thought of being both dependent and interdependent techniques, mostly because its foundation lies in two familiar multivariate techniques: factor analysis and multiple regression analysis, and its ability to analyze multiple relationships simultaneously.</em></p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research Echoes from Post-Civil War Development in Nigeria: Igboland and Infrastructure Development in a Millennium Development Goals Epoch 2021-05-13T19:40:34+01:00 Austine Okere <p>This paper examines trends in infrastructure development in Nigeria with specific emphasis on the Southeast geopolitical zone. Using the case of infrastructure development provided in sectors of health, water and sanitation, and education under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) programme, it posits that the region has recorded positive gains. As a result, this paper contends that despite the effects of the Civil War on Igboland, infrastructure development efforts of successive governments within the region together with years of self-supported infrastructure projects initiated by <em>Ndi Igbo</em> (both at home and in diaspora), have ensured that this once known commercial hub moves towards her pre-civil war status. The paper further argues that it is not yet <em>eureka</em> for <em>Ndi Igbo</em> since there is also the need to sustain this and other efforts amidst contemporary challenges of corruption, good governance, calls for reforms in revenue sharing formula, insecurity, return to true federalism, and political and socio-economic 'social justice in Nigeria. Using a qualitative case narrative methodology, the paper concludes that these contemporary issues have the potential to distract <em>Ndi Igbo</em> from the real focus, which is a continued and sustained effort towards accelerated infrastructure development of this once war-torn area in Nigeria.</p> 2021-05-21T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research A Diachronic Study of Language Use as an Instrument of Language Change 2021-04-23T18:49:26+01:00 Dereck-M.A Orji Chinelo Obijiofor <p><em>This paper aimed at investigating the instrumentality of language use in language change from the period between the Middle English to present. Language use refers to the communicative needs of language, whereas language change involves variations in sounds, meanings, word structures and sentence structure which took place over a period of time. In order to examine these changes that take place in language over time, the researchers examined the English Language, and African languages, especially Nigerian indigenous languages and the Nigerian English by observing and describing the changes. Findings revealed that language change is inevitable when a language is in use, and that these changes occur as language users, both as individuals and as a speech community try to express their thoughts and feelings in ways best soothing to them. Also, when languages come in contact with one another, new words are borrowed, old ones are dropped, coinages are made, and as languages are in use, old meanings are dropped for new ones, also, as more literary works are created, innovations are also made in language. In conclusion, language changes in all aspects: pronunciation, word forms and meanings, syntax and semantics. This language change caused by “internal” and “external factors” is as a result of language use; language is made for man, and not man for language. </em></p> <p> </p> <p><em> </em></p> 2021-05-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research Town Union Governments and Community Development in Igboland: the Amakofia Ututu Case, 1979-2015 2021-05-29T05:22:40+01:00 Sunny Okoreaffia Nwachukwu J. Obiakor <p>The town union government has shown to be a major player in rural community development efforts in Igboland. Being a major element of change in the socio-political organization of the people introduced by colonialism, town union government turned out to be a very important instrument of self-help approach to community development in post-colonial period, and by the end of the Nigeria-Biafra war, its effect became very visible. By 1979, the Amakofia Development Union (ADU) was formed. Its foundation accelerated community development in Amakofia Ututu community.</p> 2021-06-04T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research Extent of Utilisation of Challenge-Based Pedagogical Strategies for Teaching of Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) Courses in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State 2021-05-24T10:24:13+01:00 T. I. Eze Vincent Onotasamiderhi Omojiriemu <p><em>This study </em><em>determined the extent of</em><em> utilisation of </em><em>challenge-based</em><em> pedagogical strategies</em><em> for teaching </em><em>vocational and technical education courses in tertiary institutions in Delta State.</em> <em>On</em><em>e </em><em>research question was raised and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance</em><em>. Descriptive survey design was adopted. </em><em>The entire population of </em><em>170 VTE lecturers in five public-owned tertiary institutions </em><em>was studied without sampling. </em><em>The instrument for data collection was a validated self-administered questionnaire with a Cronbach’s alpha reliability of 0.79</em><em>. The researchers administered the instrument with the help of five research assistants to the respondents. </em><em>Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question and determine the homogeneity or otherwise of the respondents </em><em>while </em><em>t-test and Analysis of Variance </em><em>were used for testing the null hypotheses</em><em>. The study revealed that</em><em> V</em><em>TE lecturers utilised challenge-based </em><em>pedagogical strategies to a low extent for teaching vocational and technical education courses in tertiary institutions in Delta State. </em><em>There is no significant difference in the mean ratings of VTE lecturers in Delta State on </em><em>the </em><em>extent of utilisation of challenge-based pedagogical strategies based on their gender and years of experience</em><em>. </em><em>It was</em> <em>concluded that </em><em>the absence of vocational t</em><em>raining and practical workplace experiences among VTE lecturers is responsible for the low extent of</em><em> utilisation of challenge-based </em><em>pedagogical strategies</em><em> for teaching vocational and technical education courses in tertiary institutions in Delta State</em><em>. </em><em>Among others, </em><em>it was </em><em>recommended that </em><em>professional conferences and in-service seminars should be organised for VTE lecturers to update their instructional competency on </em><em>challenge-based pedagogical strategies </em><em>to </em><em>enable th</em><em>em design teaching and learning experiences capable of stimulating skills acquisition among VTE students in tertiary institutions.</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> 2021-05-24T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research The Mediating Effect of Work Engagement in the Link between Affective Commitment and Employee Competence in Nigeria Universal Basic Education system 2021-05-11T13:02:01+01:00 Sani Isah Rashidah Mohammad Ibrahim Mustapha Shehu Mohammad Gwadabe Uzairu <p><em>Competency is seen as the fundamental feature of individuals which described their job skill, attitude and knowledge. The main aim of this paper is to explore the mediating effect of work engagement (WE) in the link between affective commitment and employee competence (EC) in Nigerian Universal Basic Education system Administration (UBESA). In spite of the importance of affective commitment as an essential practice impelling EC in organisations, prior studies mainly consider other internal factors such as leadership, management practices, and job satisfaction among others. Studies that attempt to examine the influence of affective commitment on EC as well as the mechanism through which it influences EC seem to be scarce in the literature. The current study used WE as a mediating variable in explaining the relationship between affective commitment and EC as well as establishing the link between the given variables. The paper employed the Ability Motivation Opportunity (AMO) theory and Social Exchange theory (SET) in emphasizing the impact of practices that are capable of enhancing EC, as well as understanding employee’s behaviour and their relationship with their organisation in the quest for achieving success. A quantitative survey method was used, while data were collected within six states UBESA (Jigawa, Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Sokoto and Zamfara states) in North Western region of Nigeria. Data was analysed with a total number of 387 questionnaires using SPSS-AMOS software-24. The findings indicated that WE mediate the relationship between affective commitment and EC. In conclusion, the study made some vital suggestions for future studies.</em></p> <p> </p> <p><em> </em></p> 2021-05-20T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research Appraisal of Chevron Nigeria Limited and Host-Communities Relations in Warri South West LGA, Delta, Nigeria, 1997 – 2013 2021-04-12T04:06:31+01:00 Nwachukwu Obiakor Christopher Usiemure <p><em>The study examines the nature of relations between Chevron Nigeria Limited and its host communities in Warri South West Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The nature of relations between multinational oil companies, which are the main actors in the Nigerian oil industry, and their host-communities is crucial to the socio-economic well-being of Nigeria. Petroleum schools, geology and others supported by associations such as the SPE, AAPG et al are in part responsible for the boom in technical studies related to petroleum. It is necessary to also encourage the development of technical studies related more to the social sciences, respecting each one of the actors involved. The study employs the qualitative research methodology. It is presented using the thematic and chronological tools of historical analysis. Data and information are gathered from both primary and secondary sources to analyse the subject matter. Findings indicate that, while there is evidence of community development efforts in the communities studied, the communities relations with Chevron Nigeria Limited was in large part conflictual. The study concludes that Chevron Nigeria Limited approached community relations in Warri South West LGA, Delta State using inappropriate strategies<strong>, </strong>which did not enable it meet the expectations of the people. It is recommended that it review its approach to host-communities relations. This should involve being more transparent and consulting the people for their needs before embarking on projects and programmes meant for them.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> 2021-05-24T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research